The Emblem of Surat Thani

Introduction

      The  name  literally  means  "city  of  the  good  people" and is the former seat of the Sivichaya Empire.   It   is   the   largest   and  most  important  province  of  the  South,  located  644 kms.  from Bangkok.  It occupies an area of 12,891.5 square kilometers bordering on Chumphon and the Gulf of  Thailand  to the north, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Krabi to the south, Phangnga and Ranong to the west and the Gulf of Thailand and Nakhon Si Thammarat to the east.

     Surat  Thani  once  formed  part,  and  may  have  been  the  centre  of  the Mahayana Buddhist, Srivijaya  Empire  which,  steeped  in  legend  and  mystery,  dominated  the Malay peninsula and much of Java some 1,500 years ago. Srivijaya was best described by the itinerant Chinese monk I Ching  after  a  pilgrimage  he  made  to India during the late 600s. Archaeological discoveries at Chaiya indicate the former empire's splendour.

Geographic
     characteristics   of   Surat   Thani   are   high   plateau   and   mountains   covered  with  valuable woodforest  to  the  west  and  low  basins  in  the  central and eastern seashore area. There are a tremendous  number  of  islands  along  the  coast  and two major rivers: the Tapi River and Phum Duang  River.  It  is  administratively  divided  into  18  Amphoes  and 1 King Amphoe i.e., Amphoe Muang,  Ban Na San, Ban Ta Khun, Chaiya, Don Sak, Kanchanadit, Khian Sa, Khiri Ratthanikhom, Koh  Phangna,  Koh  Samui,  Phanom,  Phrasaeng,  Phunphin, Tha Chana, Tha Chang, Wiang Sa, Ban Na Doem, Chai Buri and King Amphoe Wiphawadi.