The Emblem of Ayutthaya

Introduction
     The  ancient  city  of  Ayutthaya, or  Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya,The Thai capital for 417 years, is one  of  Thailand's  major tourist attractions.Many ancient ruins and art works can be seen in a city that  was  founded  in  1350  by  King U-Thong when the Thais were forced southwards by northern neighbours. During  the  period of Ayutthaya being the Thai capital, 33 Kings of different dynasties ruled the kingdom until it was sacked by the Burmese in 1767.
     
      Ayutthaya  is  76  kilometres  north  of Bangkok and boasts numerous     magnificent    ruins.    Such    ruins    indicate    that Ayutthaya  was  one  of Indo - China's most prosperous cities. Phra  Nakhon  Si Ayutthaya a Historical Park, a vast stretch of historical site in the heart of Ayutthaya city, has been included in UNESCO's list of world heritage since 13 December ,1991.

     Ayutthaya    covers     2,556     square    kilometres ,   and   is administratively   divided   into   16   districts   (Ampohes).  It  is conveniently   accessible   due   to  good  roads  and  a  short distance from Bangkok.

Distance
Distance from Ayutthaya city of nearby Provinces
Bangkok
Ang Thong
Saraburi
Suphanburi
76 kms.
31 kms.
63 kms.
53 kms.

Distance from Ayutthaya city to its districts
Bang Ban
Bang Pa Han
Bang Pa In
Ban Phraek
Bang Sai
Lat Bua Luang
Maharat
Nakorn Luang
Pha Chi
Phak Hai
Sena
Tha Rua
U-Thai
Wang Noi
10 kms.
13 kms.
30 kms.
50 kms.
40 kms.
56 kms.
25 kms.
20 kms.
35 kms.
29 kms.
20 kms.
59 kms.
15 kms.
20 kms.

History
     Ayutthaya  is an ancient city, founded by "King U- Thong or Ramathibodi I " in 1350. It was used as  the  capital  of  Thailand  for  417 ,during the Ayutthaya period, 33 Kings of 5 Dynasties reigned over the Kingdom.

     During  the  first  180 years ,  the  city  was  peaceful.  The main acitivity then was about the state affair  and  trading  which made Ayutthaya one of the most prosperous city in ASIA. But nine years after  King  Ramathibodi ll's  death  in  1529  Ayutthaya became involved, for the first time , in a war with MYANMAR which led to many wars after that.

     Ayutthaya  was  first  defeated by the Burmese in 1569 , but  15  years  later it was back to its glory agian by " King Naresuan the Great ". Ayutthaya was peaceful again and enjoyed   the   activities   in   foreign  affairs  for  about  118 years.   It   came   to   its   peak   until  it  was  invaded  and destroyed beyond repair by the Burmese in1767

     The  capital  was  moved  to  Thonburi by "King Taksin the   Great"   who   had  fought  agianst  the  Burmese  and depeated  them.  After  15  years  of  King  Taksin's  reign. The   capital   was   again   moved  to  Bangkok  by  "King Rama   the  first".   The   founder   of   the   present    Chakri Dynasty.

How to get there
Bangkok to Ayutthaya
By Bus
     Direct  air - conditioned buses leave Bangkok every half an hour from the and the Northern bus terminal  on  Phaholyothin  Road.  (Tel.  537-8055-6)  starting  05.30  A.M.  until  07.20  P.M. By Train Trains  leave  Bangkok  Railway  Station  (Hua  Lamphong  Rama  IV  Rd.  Tel. 2230710,2230720) daily every hour starting from 06.40 A.M. until 10.00 P.M.

In Ayutthaya
Tuk Tuk
     Tuk  Tuk  can  be  taken  from  the railway station into the city. Hiring a Tuk Tuk within Ayutthaya costs between 200 baht/hour/car.